Under ear pain is understood all the pain that occur in the outer ear, the middle ear or the inner ear. Also pain of the pinna are commonly referred to as an earache.
Ear pain in the outer ear arise, for example , where the meatus zuschwillt , pushing the swelling in the ear canal bone . Forms in the middle ear due to inflammation of pus can not drain , creating one large pressure also causes ear pain .
Ear pain can occur suddenly and heavily , his pungent , oppressive, one or both sides or only occur when chewing. Frequently ear pain accompanied by other symptoms such as hearing loss , a foreign body sensation, dizziness or tinnitus are accompanied . In some cases, blood or fluid to leak out of the ear .
Earaches are usually severe pain who are not even at night less. Since there are often no help painkillers for earache, a ear, nose and throat doctor should be investigated promptly .
What are the causes?
For earache , the causes can be very different. Very often they occur due to inflammation of the external ear canal (otitis externa) or the middle ear (otitis media) . A middle ear infection is usually the result of a cold. This spread of bacteria from the nose or throat to the middle ear. Above all children between three and eight years are affected.
Otitis externa is an infection of the ear canal skin with bacteria or fungi, which often arises due to excessive ear hygiene or injuries caused by cotton swab. She is in adults, the most common cause of earache. Often this infection is also caused by penetrating bath water , especially in summer .
Other causes of ear pain may be:
Inflammation or closure of the Eustachian tube
Infections of the ear
Diseases of the teeth or jaw joint
Ear canal obstruction by foreign objects or wax
Freezing of the outer ear ( for example for skiing)
Inflammation of the parotid gland (eg, mumps )
Injuries of the tympanic membrane
Tonsillitis (tonsillitis )
Shingles (herpes zoster)
Cancers such as cancer of the larynx
In addition, ear pain with changes in air pressure can occur , for example when flying , scuba diving or car trips with a large height difference. Large changes in air pressure occur even at a blow to the ear or an explosion.